Who is a migrant? (defined by the un migration agency)
Any person who is moving or has moved across an international border or within a State away from his/her habitual place of residence, regardless of:
- The person’s legal status
- whether the movement is voluntary or involuntary
- the causes for the movement
- the length of stay
Types of Migrants:
Those fleeing their country of origin, apply for asylum in another country
Once granted asylum, they are under protection of that country. Asylum-seekers must demonstrate that the persecution in their country of origin is well founded and can only apply for asylum on host country territory/the host country's border
Someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of violence or persecution
A refugee is granted refugee status overseas and then brought into a country with legal protection provided by their status.
A person leaving their country of origin to improve their standard of living(for job opportunities, etc.)
This type of migration is done by choice and to primarily more economically developed/urban countries.